This project aims to further assist countries in assessing their supply systems, by comparing the OECD taxonomy with international best practices. This methodology is still being tested in four ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Vietnam). Canada is working on a number of fronts to improve and ensure market access for Canadian suppliers to government procurement. There are already several agreements that benefit Canadian suppliers. These include: for the full text of the revised GPA and the new annexes that define the government procurement covered by all Contracting Parties to the GPA, see GPA-113. *Please note that the text of CETA is presented here for information purposes. The text presented in this document is as it stands at the end of the negotiations between Canada and the EU. It is subject to a legal review, a process that includes formatting. After legal review and formatting, the full text will become mandatory at the end of the ratification process, both by Canada and the EU. Where a supplier believes that there is a breach of this agreement, it is encouraged to enter into consultations with the procuring entity in order to resolve the problem. If such consultations lead to satisfactory results, each signatory government is expected to present non-discriminatory, timely, transparent and effective procedures that would allow suppliers to challenge alleged violations of the agreement.
Suppliers may be asked to initiate a dispute procedure within a specified period (at least 10 days) from the date on which the basis of the complaint was known. Challenges must be brought before an impartial independent tribunal or supervisory body that is not interested in the outcome of the award of contracts. Challenge procedures must be completed „in a timely manner“. Foreign government procurement is worth hundreds of billions of dollars annually and offers significant potential opportunities for Canadian exporters. Government procurement obligations in international trade agreements help ensure that Canadian suppliers of goods and services are treated openly, transparently and non-discriminatorily when selling to governments outside Canada. In addition to suppliers, governments and taxpayers benefit from open public procurement by increasing competition, increasing the choice of goods and services available and, most importantly, reducing costs. The signatories to the GPA agreed that, in the area of government procurement, enterprises from other signatory countries will not be treated less favourably than domestic enterprises, in accordance with the principles of national treatment and non-discrimination. Locally established enterprises are treated no less well because they reside abroad or because the goods and services they offer are of foreign origin. The revised GPA, which entered into force on 6 April 2014, is attracting increasing global attention, but the liberalisation of public procurement is not a completely new idea. Within the framework of the OECD, efforts have been made at an early stage to bring government procurement below internationally agreed trade rules. The issue was then introduced in 1976 as part of the Tokyo Round of trade negotiations under the GATT. Public procurement often favours local suppliers in the domestic market.
While this approach aims to stimulate the domestic economy, it can, in practice, lead to market distortions that limit choice, raise prices and undermine economic efficiency. . . .