For pre-and-postiches: has the Simla agreement – origin, impact and results been successful? For the first time in nearly 50 years, when the UN Security Council held an emergency meeting on Kashmir following Modi`s government`s decision of 5 August, India avoided calling Kashmir an integral part of the forum and proposed that any resolution be discussed bilaterally. , as agreed in the Simla agreement. U.S. President Donald Trump has also made several offers of mediation, but the Indian government has refused to accept such a proposal by recalling the Simla agreement. However, if Pakistan requests bilateral negotiations with India on Kashmir, India insists that it is an integral part of the country and that all discussions with Pakistan would focus solely on the fight against cross-border terrorism and not on the controversial status of Kashmir. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972Shimla: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. The Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement contains a series of principles agreed by both India and Pakistan, which emphasize respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of the other, respect for political independence and unity of the other, and disregard for hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are:- Mutual commitment to peacefully resolve all issues through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis of a cooperative relationship with an emphasis on contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir.
Shimla agreement: main features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have weighed on their relations in the past and to commit to a friendly and harmonious relationship to establish lasting peace in the subcontinent. 2. Both India and Pakistan agreed that relations between the two countries were governed by the principles of the United Nations Charter. 3. The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful means, bilateral means or other means which they have agreed to. 4. Both India and Pakistan agreed to respect the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir, without undermining the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither unilateral attempts at change would be sought, regardless of reciprocal differences and legal interpretations.
5. In addition, both nations agreed not to resort to threat or violence in violation of this line. In the hope of saving an agreement, Bhutto called Gandhi directly. During the climate meeting, Gandhi stressed the main advantage of the Indian proposal in Kashmir – neither side was forced to physically abandon the territory or exchange populations. With „obvious feeling and sincerity,“ Bhutto acknowledged that India`s proposal was the only possible one, but that a legally binding commitment would significantly weaken its domestic political position and strengthen the military establishment.