The Office for Disarmament Affairs stated that the treaty would not affect the internal arms trade or the right to arms protection in its Member States; Prohibit all arms exports; to infringe the legitimate right to self-defence; national arms regulation rules that are already in place.   Each State party establishes a national control system governing exports of ammunition/ammunition, which are fired, launched or delivered with conventional weapons under Article 2, paragraph 1, and applies the provisions of Article 6 and Article 7 before authorizing the export of such ammunition/munitions. The ATT contains a preamble and 28 articles that govern the international trade in conventional weapons. The Arms Trade Treaty requires Member States to monitor arms exports and ensure that arms do not exceed existing arms embargoes or, ultimately, be used for human rights violations, including terrorism. Member States, with the help of the United Nations, will put in place enforceable and standardised rules on arms imports and exports (similar to those already in place in the United States) and are supposed to follow the destination of exports to ensure that they do not fall into the wrong hands. Ideally, this means limiting the flow of lethal weapons to places like Syria.  September 2007: The UN Secretary-General appoints a group of government experts to examine „the feasibility, scope and design of parameters for a comprehensive and legally binding instrument for the importation, export and transfer of conventional weapons.“ The CAW is part of a larger global effort launched in 1997 by the President of Costa Rica and the Nobel Peace Prize winner Scar Arias in 1987. This year, Arias led a group of Nobel Peace Prize laureates at a meeting in New York to offer the world a code of conduct on the arms trade. The group included Elie Wiesel, Betty Williams, the Dalai Lama, José Ramos-Horta, representatives of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Amnesty International and the American Friends Service Committee.
The initial idea was to establish ethical standards for the arms trade, which should ultimately be adopted by the international community. Over the next 16 years, the Arias Foundation for Peace – Human Progress played a decisive role in the adoption of the treaty. The roots of the current Arms Trade Treaty go back to the late 1980s, when civil society actors and Nobel Peace Prize laureates expressed concern about the unregulated nature of the global arms trade and its impact on human security.  The final text of the treaty had to be adopted by mutual agreement in accordance with the Internal Rules of the Conference, adopted by the Preparatory Committee. At the first conference, both Russia and the United States stated that they were not prepared to adopt the draft text of Argentine President Roberto Garcia Moritén. As a result, the General Assembly convened the closing conference at which general approval, including by Russia and the United States, focused on the draft text developed by Australian President Peter Woolcott.