If passed, the bill would be an „extremely serious violation“ of the withdrawal agreement and international law. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text.  Meanwhile, the last round of formal negotiations on a post-Brexit trade deal was concluded in London on Thursday. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   These documents were presented to Parliament on October 19, prior to the vote in the House of Commons on the agreement and consideration in the House of Lords. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies.
The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   The European Commission had called for such a quick meeting to clarify what the legislation meant for the Brexit deal. Former Prime Minister Sir John Major said: „For generations, Britain`s word – solemnly given – has been accepted by friend and foe. Our signature on every contract or agreement was untouchable. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The UK has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally announcing the European Council`s intention to leave the EU. Brexit: What does Boris Johnson`s new deal with the EU say? UK nationals and EU citizens, family members of the United Kingdom or EU citizens and family members who are not from these two countries retain the right to stay in the host Member State (Article 13).
The host Member State must not restrict or prevent persons from obtaining, retaining or losing the right of residence (Article 13). Persons with valid documents [necessary clarification] will not need an entry and exit visa or identical formalities and would not be allowed to enter or enter the host state without complications (Article 14). In the event that the host state „requires an entry visa for family members who join EU citizens or UK nationals after the end of the transitional period,“ the host state is required to issue the visas required free of charge through an expedited procedure in appropriate institutions (Article 14). The agreement also covers the issuance of indeterminate residence permits during and after the transition period, as well as their restrictions.